The Kurgalskiy Nature Reserve, being established in 2000, is included in the network of HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas and RAMSAR Convention list of protected wetlands of international importance. There is no site of equal importance and value in terms of nature conservation and protection of biodiversity in the Russian part of the Gulf of Finland
Help us preventing this destructive activity and forcing Nord Stream II AG and Gazprom to comply with the international and Russian national environmental requirements law.
- 2018-05-17 Greenpeace informs that Nord Stream II AG commenced illegal construction of the gas pipeline in the unique Kurgalskiy Reserve, destroying dunes and wetlands, while also disturbing birds during the critical nesting season. It is simply a shocking event from a civilized standards point of view, taking into account that this nature area is protected by the national, as well as international law, namely Ramsar and Helsinki Conventions. Responding to the news, the Nord Stream II AG admitted that it does not possess the construction permit, but all the activities are agreed with the environmental authorities of Leningrad Oblast and secondly, these works do not represent actual construction, but only prospecting.
- 2018-02-06 Civil society position on Nord Stream 2 AG Project will be presented at a Round Table on the Biodiversity Conservation Strategy for the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve in Geneva
- 2018-01-16 Public Environmental Assessment of the Nord Stream 2: the project should not be given permission for implementation due to numerous deficiencies and noncompliance with the law
- 2017-08-22 CCB, WWF Russia and Greenpeace Russia filed a complaint to the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention with regards to the proposed route of the Nord Stream II gas pipeline across Kurgalskiy Nature Reserve and Ramsar site
- 2017-06-28 CCB, WWF Russia and Greenpeace Russia presented our concerns with regards to the proposed Nord Stream II Project to the potential funders of the project, the International Financial Corporation.
- 2017-06-09 CCB, WWF and Oceana call the EC to take into account environmental requirements in negotiations with Russia on the Nord Stream II project
- 2017-06-01 Greenpeace Central and Eastern Europe has published online a scandal dossier on Nord Stream II about “selection of alternative routes” for the Russian landfall
- 2017-05-31 German NGOs (BUND, NABU and WWF) submitted their coordinated comments to transboundary EIA documentation of Nord Stream 2 Project
- 2017-05-18 Roundtable “Nord Stream 2 Route Selection in Russia and Biodiversity Conservation Approach”
Representatives of Russian and international environmental NGOs, academia and stakeholders at the meeting expressed clear disagreement with proposed route across Kurgalskiy Peninsula and Nature Reserve and strongly objected company’s arguments for this alternative as clearly violating Russian and international environmental law in terms of protecting nature. See simplified evaluation of the proposed alternative routes for further information.
- 2017-03-22 Roundtable “Nord Stream 2: building on the proven experience of planning the infrastructure project in a responsible way” during the Baltic Sea Days Environmental Forum
Nord Stream II Project has presented its concept, undertaken surveys backing EIA process and the proposed route (see collection of presentations here).
Stakeholders, represented by NGOs, academia and local residents, had a possibility to ask questions from the developer to clarify presented information and express the concerns related to the proposed way of implementing the project.
A formal draft resolution of the event was compiled by the organizers of the Roundtable, see here (and in Russian here). The stakeholders came up with number of proposals to the draft resolution, see here.
2. Basic facts about Kurgalskiy
The Kurgalskiy Nature Reserve, being established in 2000, is included in the network of HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas and RAMSAR Convention list of protected wetlands of international importance. It is situated at the south-west coast of the Gulf of Finland, close to Estonian border and has a status of reserve (‘zakaznik’) of regional importance in Russia. Its total area is 60 000 ha including 38 400 ha of marine area. Kurgalskiy Reserve is an area of high conservation value for the Eastern Baltic Sea region. Marine and coastal biotope complexes of the reserve are very diverse and undisturbed. Biotopes represented by sandy and moraine coasts, dunes, reed beds, reefs, coastal meadows, islets, surface boulder ridges, mudflats, underwater and surface sandbanks, with or without vegetation. Shallow areas of marine part of Kurgalskiy Reserve serve as a spawning ground for many commercial fish species, as well as a habitat for several fish and lamprey species, endangered in the Baltic Sea region. The Kurgalskiy Reserve is important breeding area for many species of marine birds and stopover for migrating birds, including those listed in the HELCOM’s Red List of Baltic Breeding Birds. The Reserve is the key area for the Baltic ringed seal haul-outs in the Gulf of Finland. It is also breeding and foraging area for ringed seal and important area for the Baltic grey seal haul-outs.
- Information about Kurgalskiy Peninsula in the HELCOM MPA database
- Information about Kurgalskiy Wetland of International Importance in the Ramsar Convention database
- Kurgalskiy International Bird Area
3. Basic facts about Nord Stream II Project
- Description of the Nord Stream II Project
- International Consultations process under the Espoo Convention on EIA in Transboundary Context
4. Actions by Russian and international environmental NGOs to protect Kurgalskiy
- (2017) CCB expressed its concerns with regards to the non-compliance of the proposed Nord Stream II Project with requirements of the international and national environmental law at HELCOM Heads of Delegation
- (2017) WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme presented its position with regards to the Nord Stream II Project at HELCOM Heads of Delegation
- (2017) Greenpeace Nordic forwarded its appeal to the Swedish EPA with regards to the international consultations on transboudary EIA documentation.
- (2017) Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND), Nature And Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) and WWF Germany; Comments on transboundary EIA documentation for the Nord Stream II Project
- (2017) Greenpeace Central and Eastern Europe published a dossier on “selection of alternative routes” for the Russian landfall by Nord Stream II
- (2017) Join the petition: Russians are demanding to prevent the Nord Stream-2 Pipeline from cutting through the Kurgalsky reserve
- (2017) Greenpeace Russia; Review of documentation submitted by the Russian Federation for international consultations under the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in Transboundary Context
- (2017) WWF Position Statement on Nord Stream 2
- (2016) CCB comments to public hearings on the Draft ToR for marine surveys programme for the EIA of the Nord Stream 2 project
- (2015) CCB’s open letter on the threats to Kurgalskiy Peninsula and nature reserve
Documents submitted to HELCOM
- (2017) HELCOM Heads of Delegation; Information on international consultations on EIA of the Nord Stream II project in transboundary context and violation of the national and international environmental law
- (2017) HELCOM Heads of Delegation; Information for the International Consultations on EIA of the Nord Stream II Project
- (2017) HELCOM STATE & CONSERVATION; Information for the International Consultations on EIA of the Nord Stream II Project
- (2017) HELCOM PRESSURE; Information for the International Consultations on EIA of the Nord Stream II Project
- (2016) Helsinki Commission; Update of information regarding anthropogenic threats to Kurgalskiy Nature Reserve, Leningrad Oblast, Russia
- (2015) HELCOM Heads of Delegation; Call for HELCOM action regarding Baltic MPAs within Russian part of the Gulf of Finland
- (2015) HELCOM STATE & CONSERVATION; Call for action regarding alarming situation around Kurgalskiy Nature Reserve
5. Media coverage and analytical materials
- NordStream: a Question of Environmental Compliance?
- Negotiations between the European Commission and Russia on Nord Stream 2
- The European Commission is ready to talk to Russia about Nord Stream 2
- Nord Stream 2: Who is paralyzing The Commission?
- European Peoples’ Party (EPP) takes strong position against Nord Stream 2
- Russia’s Controversial European Gas Project Is Under Fire, Again. Environmental violations thrust Nord Stream 2 and its European partners into an awkward position.
- Gazprom to receive funding for Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Five European energy groups will provide loans to contentious project
- EU stalls Russian gas pipeline, but probably won’t stop it
- Nord Stream 2: The elephant in the room
- Nordstream 2: Alternative pipeline facts
- Nord Stream’s Extension to the Kurgalsky Peninsula: Implications for an EIA
- Nord Stream 2: A Legal and Policy Analysis