practical implementation Ecological Recycling Agriculture on the
Baltic Sea catchment area helps solve Eutrophication problem
Agriculture is the single most important contributor to the euthrophication
of the Baltic Sea . It's responsible for 59% of the anthropogenic
nitrogen and 56% of the phosphorous emissions (HELCOM 2005). The
specialized agriculture with its separation of crop and animal production
results in a high load of nitrogen and phosphorus to the Baltic
Sea. This agricultural specialization has resulted in farms with
a high density of animals and great surpluses of plant nutrients
concentrated to certain regions.
trend of increasing products per animal and per hectare on fewer
farms and a higher surplus of nutrients of each of them is continuing
in Nordic countries and is likely to spread to new to new EU member
countries within the Baltic drainage area with the probable consequence
of increasing nutrient loads.
of the solutions of this serious threaten of the Baltic Sea is Ecological
Recycling Agriculture (ERA). ERA is defined as an agriculture system
based on local and renewable resources, that integrate animal and
crop production on each farm, or farms in close proximity. As a
result a large part of nutrient uptake in the fodder is effectively
recycled. This in effect means that each farm strives to be self-sufficient
in fodder production , which in turn a limits animal density and
ensures a more even distribution of animals geographically.
key elements in BERAS Implementation project are the BERAS Information
Centers which are introduced ERA ideas into the practice and create
link between farmers and society. They are also the base of sustainable
food system. This system has capacity to increase consumption of
organic products, strengthen local economies and raise awareness
of agriculture and environmental impacts of food.
Ecological Club / Coalition Clean Baltic
Ecological Club is Partner of the project.
Clean Baltic is Associated Partner